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North America

About North America

North America is a continent situated in the Northern Hemisphere bordered by the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean. It has a total land area of over 24 million square kilometers, making it the third-largest continent in the world. North America is divided into three regions: North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Some of the most popular countries in North America include Canada, the United States, Mexico, and Costa Rica.

Facts about North America continent

Land Area North America covers over 24 million square kilometers, making it the third-largest continent in the world.
Population North America has a population of over 579 million people.
Countries North America is divided into three regions and is home to 23 countries, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, and many smaller island nations in the Caribbean.
Languages The most widely spoken languages in North America are English, Spanish, and French.
Geography North America is home to diverse landscapes, including mountains, plains, forests, deserts, and coastlines.
Climate A variety of climates can be found in North America, including arctic climates in the north and tropical climates in the south.
Economy North America is home to some of the world’s largest economies, including the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Natural Resources North America is rich in natural resources, including oil, gas, coal, minerals, and timber.
Wildlife North America is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including bears, wolves, moose, deer, eagles, and many species of fish and marine mammals.

Physical Characteristics of North America


North America covers over 24 million square kilometers, making it the third-largest continent in the world after Asia and Africa. There are three oceans that border the continent: the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.


North America is home to diverse landscapes, including mountains, plains, forests, deserts, and coastlines. Some of the notable physical features of North America include the Rocky Mountains, the Appalachian Mountains, the Great Plains, the Canadian Shield, the Great Lakes, and the Mississippi River.


North America has a wide range of climates, from arctic in the north to tropical in the south, and everything in between. The northern regions of North America, including Canada and Alaska, have a polar climate with long, cold winters and short, cool summers. The central areas of North America have a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. A tropical climate dominates the southern areas, including Mexico and the Caribbean.

Water features

North America is home to a number of significant water features, including the Great Lakes, the Mississippi River, and the Colorado River. The continent also has a long coastline along the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans, with a number of bays, inlets, and islands.

Geographical Location of North America

Latitude and Longitude

North America is located between approximately 7 degrees North and 83 degrees North latitude and 15 degrees West and 170 degrees East longitude. The continent is located entirely in the Western Hemisphere.

Geographic Center

The geographic center of North America is located in North Dakota, USA, at approximately 48 degrees North latitude and 100 degrees West longitude. This point is known as the “Geographic Center of North America” and is marked by a monument.

Prime Meridian

The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude that is used as the reference point for measuring longitude around the world. North America is located entirely west of the Prime Meridian, which passes through Greenwich, England.


The Tropics of cancer and Capricorn are lines of latitude that mark the northernmost and southernmost factors in which the sun can appear directly overhead. The Tropic of most cancers passes via Mexico, the Bahamas, and Mauritania, even as the Tropic of Capricorn passes through Brazil, Australia, and South Africa.

Historical Significance of North America

  1. Pre-Columbian Era

    earlier than the appearance of eu explorers, North america was inhabited by means of a numerous array of indigenous peoples who had developed state-of-the-art societies, cultures, and languages. those societies were frequently based totally around agriculture, trade, and religious ideals, and many of their traditions and practices retain to persuade North American tradition today.

  2. European Exploration

    In the late 15th century, European explorers began exploring and colonizing North America. This period of history saw the arrival of the Spanish, French, English, and Dutch, among other European powers, who established colonies and trading posts across the continent. These colonies had a significant impact on the development of North America, introducing new technologies, languages, and cultural practices, as well as triggering conflicts with indigenous peoples that would shape the course of history.

  3. American Revolution

    In the late 18th century, North America became the site of a major conflict between Great Britain and its American colonies. The American Revolution, which lasted from 1775 to 1783, resulted in the establishment of the United States of America as an independent nation and had significant repercussions for the development of North American politics, economics, and culture.

  4. Industrial Revolution

    In the 19th century, North America underwent a period of rapid industrialization and urbanization, fueled by new technologies and a growing population. This period saw the rise of new industries, such as railroads, steel, and oil, as well as the emergence of new political and social movements, including labor unions and women’s suffrage.

  5. World Wars

    The 20th century was marked by two world wars that had a significant impact on North America. The United States played a significant role in both conflicts, helping to shape the course of history and establish its position as a global superpower. The aftermath of these wars also had significant repercussions for North American politics, including the rise of Cold War tensions and the emergence of new global alliances and organizations.

Top 10 places to visit in North America

Destination Description
Grand Canyon National Park, AZ Natural wonder with breathtaking vistas and outdoor adventure
New York City, NY An iconic city with world-renowned attractions and landmarks
Yellowstone National Park, WY Spectacular natural beauty with geysers, hot springs, and more
Vancouver, British Columbia A vibrant city with stunning natural scenery and outdoor activities
New Orleans, LA A historic city is known for its jazz music and delicious cuisine
San Francisco, CA A picturesque city with iconic landmarks and beautiful views
Banff National Park, Alberta Majestic natural beauty with lakes, glaciers, and mountains
Washington, D.C. A capital city with historic landmarks and museums
Chicago, IL A vibrant city with architecture, art, and great food
Cancun, Mexico Beautiful beaches and resorts with world-class amenities


Q: How many countries are part of North America?

A: 23 countries, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, and several small Caribbean island nations.

Q: What is the largest country in North America?

A: Canada is the largest country in North America, covering an area of approximately 9.98 million square kilometers.

Q: What are some popular landmarks in North America?

A: Popular landmarks in North America include the Grand Canyon, the Statue of Liberty, the Golden Gate Bridge, Niagara Falls, and the CN Tower.