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Map of Australia – Cities and Roads

About Australia

Australia is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area, with a population of over 25 million people. The capital of Australia is Canberra, while its largest city is Sydney. It is also known for its unique wildlife, such as kangaroos, koalas, and wallabies.

Australia is a democratic country, with a federal parliamentary system of government. It is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, and the World Trade Organization, among others.

Facts About Australia

Official Name Commonwealth of Australia
Capital Canberra
Largest City Sydney
Population 25.7 million
Area 7,692,024 km² (2,969,907 mi²)
Language English
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Government Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Monarch Charles III
Prime Minister Anthony Albanese
GDP US$1.4 trillion
National Animal Kangaroo
National Holiday Australia Day (January 26)
Time Zones UTC+8 to +10.5
Internet TLD .au
Calling Code +61

Administrative Regions of Australia, States and Territories

Region Capital Population Area
New South Wales Sydney 8,171,000 809,444 km²
Victoria Melbourne 6,829,000 237,659 km²
Queensland Brisbane 5,185,000 1,852,642 km²
Western Australia Perth 2,687,000 2,529,875 km²
South Australia Adelaide 1,767,000 983,482 km²
Tasmania Hobart 541,000 68,401 km²
Northern Territory Darwin 249,000 1,349,129 km²
Australian Capital Territory Canberra 439,000 2,358 km²


Top 10 tourist places in Australia

Place Location Description
Sydney Opera House Sydney, New South Wales Iconic performing arts center with distinctive architecture
Great Barrier Reef Queensland World’s largest coral reef system, popular for diving and snorkeling
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park Northern Territory Red desert landscape with Uluru (Ayers Rock) and Kata Tjuta (the Olgas) rock formations
Bondi Beach Sydney, New South Wales Famous beach with a lively atmosphere and great surf
Kakadu National Park Northern Territory Huge national park with diverse wildlife, wetlands, and ancient rock art
Blue Mountains National Park New South Wales Scenic mountain range with hiking trails and stunning views
Phillip Island Victoria Home to wildlife such as penguins, seals, and koalas, as well as scenic coastline
Great Ocean Road Victoria Famous coastal drive with stunning views of the ocean and rock formations
Fraser Island Queensland World’s largest sand island with rainforest, freshwater lakes, and wildlife
Barossa Valley South Australia Famous wine region with vineyards and wineries, and a rich food and wine culture

Major cities and towns in Australia

City/Town State/Territory Population
Sydney New South Wales 5,430,000
Melbourne Victoria 5,171,000
Brisbane Queensland 2,620,000
Perth Western Australia 2,108,000
Adelaide South Australia 1,368,000
Gold Coast Queensland 710,000
Canberra Australian Capital Territory 440,000
Newcastle New South Wales 332,000
Central Coast New South Wales 334,000
Wollongong New South Wales 309,000
Geelong Victoria 281,000
Hobart Tasmania 239,000
Townsville Queensland 192,000
Cairns Queensland 160,000
Darwin Northern Territory 149,000

Rivers in Australia

River Length Source Mouth
Murray River 2,508 km Australian Alps, Victoria Southern Ocean, South Australia
Darling River 1,472 km Great Dividing Range, New South Wales Murray River, South Australia
Murrumbidgee River 1,485 km Australian Alps, New South Wales Murray River, Victoria
Lachlan River 1,338 km Great Dividing Range, New South Wales Murray-Darling Basin, South Australia
Cooper Creek 1,111 km Eastern Highlands, Queensland Lake Eyre Basin, South Australia
Flinders River 1,004 km Great Dividing Range, Queensland Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland
Fitzroy River 733 km King Leopold Range, Western Australia King Sound, Western Australia
Ord River 650 km Purnululu Range, Western Australia Cambridge Gulf, Western Australia

Airports in Australia

Airport Location IATA Code
Sydney Airport Sydney, New South Wales SYD
Melbourne Airport Melbourne, Victoria MEL
Brisbane Airport Brisbane, Queensland BNE
Perth Airport Perth, Western Australia PER
Adelaide Airport Adelaide, South Australia ADL
Gold Coast Airport Gold Coast, Queensland OOL
Canberra Airport Canberra, Australian Capital Territory CBR
Hobart Airport Hobart, Tasmania HBA
Darwin International Airport Darwin, Northern Territory DRW
Cairns Airport Cairns, Queensland CNS


Australia Territory Map

Australia Territory Map
Australia Territory Map


Q: What is the Great Barrier Reef?

A: The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef system, located off the coast of Queensland in Australia. It is a popular tourist destination known for its colorful marine life and excellent diving and snorkeling opportunities.

Q: What is the capital of Australia?

A: The capital of Australia is Canberra.

Q: What is the population of Australia?

A: The estimated population of Australia is around 25.7 million people.

Q: What is the official language of Australia?

A: The official language of Australia is English.

Q: Which currency is used in Australia?

A: The currency used in Australia is the Australian dollar (AUD).