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Algeria Flag


About Flag of Algeria

Northern Africa is home to Algeria. On July 3, 1962, this African nation adopted its flag when Algeria gained independence from France.

Two equal vertical bands of green and white make up Algeria’s national flag. A red star and crescent are located in the centre of the flag. Each colour represents something meaningful. The colours white and green stand for optimism, honesty, and joy, while red symbolises the blood of those who died during the Algerian War (1954–1962) while defending their country’s freedom. The colour green has long been associated with Islam, which is the official religion of Algeria.

Historical Background

Algeria gained independence from French colonial rule on July 5, 1962, after a long and arduous liberation struggle. The flag of Algeria was officially adopted on the same day, becoming a powerful symbol of national identity and unity.

Facts about Algeria flag

Country Algeria
Designed by NA
Adopted 3 July 1962, 27 June 1963 (amended in 1995)
Revision NA
Design and Colors A red star and crescent centered on a vertical bicolor of green and white.
Size Ratio 2:3

Facts about Algeria

Official Name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted on: July 3, 1962
Location: Maghreb region of Northwest Africa
Capital City: Algiers
Major Cities: Constantine, Batna, Khenchela, El Oued
Area: 919,595 square miles
Population: 37,100,000
Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD)
Official Language: Arabic
National Anthem: “Kassaman”
National symbol(s): star and crescent, fennec fox
National colors: green, white, red
National anthem:
Name: “Kassaman” (We Pledge)
Lyrics/music: Mufdi ZAKARIAH/Mohamed FAWZI

Design and Colors

The Algerian flag consists of two vertical bands of equal width. The band closest to the hoist side is green, symbolizing Islam, nature, and the fertile landscapes of Algeria. The band adjacent to the fly side is white, representing purity, peace, and the bright future of the Algerian nation. In the center, there is a red star and a red crescent, both symbols of Islam and the bloodshed during the fight for independence.

Symbolism of the Algerian Flag

The Algerian flag holds deep symbolism for the Algerian people. The green color represents Islam, which is the predominant religion in the country and plays a significant role in Algerian society. It also symbolizes the lush green landscapes and natural beauty of Algeria. The white color signifies purity, peace, and the bright future of the nation. The red star and crescent, traditional symbols of Islam, represent the sacrifices made during the struggle for independence.

Usage and Protocol

The Algerian flag is flown proudly throughout the country on various occasions of national significance. It is hoisted on government buildings, schools, public spaces, and private residences. The flag should be treated with utmost respect and should not touch the ground or be flown in a tattered condition.

National Flag Day

November 1st is celebrated as National Flag Day in Algeria, commemorating the start of the Algerian War of Independence in 1954. On this day, the Algerian flag takes center stage, and celebrations, parades, and cultural events are held across the country.

International Recognition

The Algerian flag is recognized and respected internationally as the national flag of Algeria. It is proudly displayed in diplomatic missions, international events, and sporting competitions, representing the Algerian nation on the global stage.