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Benin Flag


There have been several changes made to the Beninian flag. On November 16, 1959, it was initially enacted, but once the Marxist administration was overthrown in 1975, it was never used again.

The flag was later introduced once again on August 1st, 1990 when the Marxist administration was overthrown.

Benin’s national flag has three stripes: a red horizontal stripe above a yellow horizontal stripe on the right side of the flag, and a green vertical stripe on the left side.

Traditional Pan-African colours are employed in the flag.

Official Name: Republic of Benin
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted on: August 1, 1990
Location: West Africa is bordered by Togo, Nigeria, Bight of Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger
Capital City: Porto-Novo
Major Cities: Cotonou, Djougou, Banikoara, Bohicon, Cove, Dassa-Zoume
Area: 43,484 square miles
Population: 9,325,032
Currency: West African CFA franc (XOF)
Official Language: French
National Anthem: The Dawn of a New Day
National symbol(s): leopard
National colors: green, yellow, red
National anthem: The dawn of a new day
Name: “L’Aube Nouvelle” (The Dawn of a New Day)
Lyrics/Music: Gilbert Jean DAGNON

Historical Background

The current design of the Benin flag was officially adopted on November 16, 1959, before the country gained independence from French colonial rule. The flag’s design has remained unchanged since then, symbolizing the enduring principles and aspirations of Benin.

Design and Colors

The Benin flag features two horizontal bands of equal width. The top band is green, and the bottom band is yellow. These colors are arranged horizontally, with the green band on top and the yellow band below it.

Symbolism of the Benin Flag

Each color on the Benin flag holds significant symbolism. The green band represents hope, fertility, and the lush vegetation of the country. It symbolizes the agricultural wealth and natural resources of Benin. The yellow band symbolizes wealth, progress, and the bright future of the nation. It represents the aspirations of the Beninese people for prosperity and development.